Error Handling

Posts tagged with "Error Handling."
  • 26

    JUN
    2008

    Summoning Error Classes As Needed

    In the past, I've written a lot of code like this:

    class SomeThing
      class SomeError       < RuntimeError; end
      class AnotherError    < RuntimeError; end
      class YetAnotherError < RuntimeError; end
    
      # some methods that can raise the above errors...
    end
    

    I have a new strategy I've been using for code like this and it has really been working out well. Here is how I do the same thing today:

    class SmarterThing
      def self.const_missing(error_name)  # :nodoc:
        if error_name.to_s =~ /Error\z/
          const_set(error_name, Class.new(RuntimeError))
        else
          super
        end
      end
    
      # error raising methods here...
    end
    

    Let's discuss how this works. The const_missing() method is a hook in Ruby, much like the beloved method_missing(). Note that const_missing() is a class method though, instead of an instance method. When a constant is used and Ruby can't find it, a call to the hook will be triggered.

    In this version, I just check to see if the constant name ends in Error. If it does, I summon an Exception subclass on the fly. Other calls to this hook are forwarded on to Ruby's default error raising implementation via super.

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